No Discharging Child or Spousal Support

Wasson and ThornhillChild & Spousal Support

Bankruptcy does not discharge child or spousal support. The rare exception: if the support debt is not a “domestic support obligation.”   We’re in a series of blog posts about special kinds of debt which bankruptcy may not discharge—write off.  So far we’ve covered criminal fines and restitution, and income taxes. Child and spousal support are more like criminal debts … Read More

Bankruptcy Discharges Income Tax Debts (Some of Them)

Wasson and ThornhillIncome Taxes

Bankruptcy discharges income tax debts. They just need to meet some conditions, mostly based on when they were due and whether and when filed.   Bankruptcy DOES Write Off Income Taxes There are certain very special debts that bankruptcy never discharges (writes off). Child and spousal support is a good example. See Sections 523(a)(5) and 101(14A) of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. Income taxes are … Read More

Criminal Fines and Restitution Not Discharged in Bankruptcy

Wasson and ThornhillCriminal Law

Bankruptcy does not discharge criminal fines and restitution, but gets rid of other debts so you can focus on all your criminal obligations.     If you owe criminal fines, penalties, forfeiture, or restitution, bankruptcy does not help you directly with those debts. But bankruptcy can still provide you essential help in paying for essential expenses, including criminal related ones. … Read More

Debts NOT Discharged in Bankruptcy

Wasson and ThornhillDischarge of Debts, Uncategorized

Bankruptcy wipes out most debts. The only ones that aren’t are explicitly not discharged under federal bankruptcy law.   Debts Covered by the Discharge The basic rule is that bankruptcy discharges all your debts unless a particular debt fits a listed exception. Focusing on Chapter 7 “straight bankruptcy” today, you will likely receive an Order of Discharge from the bankruptcy court within … Read More

Bankruptcy Wipes Out Debts

Wasson and ThornhillDischarge of Debts

You know bankruptcy wipes out debts. But WHEN it does so is very different with Chapter 7 vs. Chapter 13. Either way, at the end they are gone.   The main goal of most consumer bankruptcy cases is to get a fresh financial start through writing off debts.  The legal bankruptcy term for write-off is “discharge.” In virtually all successful … Read More

Bankruptcy and Your Debts

Wasson and ThornhillBankruptcy Law

Bankruptcy resolves your debts. How it does so depends on whether your debt is secured, priority, or general unsecured.   Your debts are the reason you are reading this. You want to know how bankruptcy would deal with your debts. Will bankruptcy write off all your debts? Can you keep paying some of your debts like a vehicle loan or … Read More

Resolve Your 2018 and Earlier Income Tax Debts through Chapter 13

Wasson and ThornhillIncome Taxes

Do your 2018 taxes just add to your earlier income tax debts, making it all the more unmanageable? Chapter 13 may be your best solution.   Last week we got into a big advantage of filing a Chapter 13 “adjustment of debts” case in early 2019. Doing so enables you to include 2018 income taxes into your Chapter 13 payment … Read More

During 2019 You Can Include 2018 Income Tax Debt in Chapter 13

Wasson and ThornhillIncome Taxes

If you owe 2018 income tax you can now include that tax into a new Chapter 13 case and payment plan.     Have you been considering filing bankruptcy and now also expect to owe income taxes for 2018? If so, the start of 2019 gives you more reason to file a Chapter 13 “adjustment of debts” case. Why? Because … Read More

Get Rid of More Income Tax Debts through Chapter 13 in 2019

Wasson and ThornhillIncome Taxes

If you need to file a Chapter 13 case for other reasons, you can discharge more income tax debts in 2019 by timing it right.   Last week we showed how to permanently write off (“discharge”) more of your tax debts through Chapter 7 “straight bankruptcy.” Today we show how to do this with Chapter 13 “adjustment of debts.” Why … Read More

Get Rid of More Income Tax Debts through Bankruptcy in 2019

Wasson and ThornhillIncome Taxes

Discharge more income tax debts through smart timing. You may be able to do so by filing your bankruptcy after certain dates of 2019.   The right timing of the filing of a bankruptcy case can make a tremendous difference. Our last 8 blog posts have all been about smart timing. If you need to use the bankruptcy laws to … Read More

Avoiding the Disadvantages of a 5-Year Chapter 13 Case

Wasson and ThornhillPre-Bankruptcy Planning

There are financial, credit record, risk, and emotional disadvantages to a 5-year Chapter 13 case that you might avoid through smart timing.   Our last two blog posts were about how the last 6 calendar months of income of a person filing a Chapter 13 case can determine whether his or her Chapter 13 payment plan lasts only 3 years … Read More

Which Month You File Chapter 13 Can Cut Years Off Your Case

Wasson and ThornhillPre-Bankruptcy Planning

If you definitely need a Chapter 13 case, which month you file it can make the difference between your payment plan lasting 3 years or 5.   In two blog posts last month (November 12 and 19) we showed how filing bankruptcy by the end of December 31 might allow you to file a Chapter 7 “straight bankruptcy” case instead … Read More

A Preference Example

Wasson and ThornhillPre-Bankruptcy Planning

Here’s an example of a preference—paying a favored debt before filing bankruptcy.  If you know what it is, it’s usually not hard to avoid.   Last week we explained why paying a creditor before filing bankruptcy could cause problems during bankruptcy. That’s especially true if the creditor you pay is one that you have personal reasons to favor. We explained the circumstances in which such a … Read More

Paying a Special Debt Before Bankruptcy Could Be a Preference

Wasson and ThornhillPre-Bankruptcy Planning

You may feel like paying a special debt, and during this time of the year you may even get some extra money to do it. Maybe you shouldn’t.   Last week we explained how giving a significant gift before bankruptcy could cause problems during bankruptcy. This also applies to selling something for much less than it is worth. Such a gift or sale might … Read More